Impact and Effects of Social Darwinism Essay |


social darwinism essay

Social Darwinism Social Darwinism was a late nineteenth-century social theory that was based on the theories of evolution of scientist Charles Darwin. The ideas and behind Social Darwinism came directly from his theories of evolution and, "survival of the fittest.". In a very broad sense, the theory of Social Darwinism suggested that the members of society were in a constant and aggressive struggle for existence. The Gilded Age virtues of hard work, self-denial, and rags-to-riches (i.e. the “myth of the self-made man” in the Horatio Alger novels) fueled ideas supporting the expression “survival of the fittest.”. Essay Social Darwinism And Its Impact On Society. Social Darwinism is a theory that individuals, groups, and races are subject to the same laws of natural selection as plants and animals. The weak individuals would decrease and the strong individuals would grow in power.

Essay on Social Darwinism - Words | Bartleby

Get access to this section to get all the help you need with your essay and educational goals. Yockey Social Darwinism is a theory that competition among all individuals, groups, social darwinism essay, nations or ideas drives social evolution in human societies. The term was popularized in by the American historian Richard Hofstadter, and has generally been used by critics rather than advocates of what the term is supposed to represent.

This new social Darwinism approach to the social trends of the united states created many controversial issues arise and conflict with the existence of already stabilized beliefs. It slowly influenced all aspects of life, and influenced the major social trends of the late 19th century more and more.

This caused a great number of changes in the short time period in this century, and forever changed the past present and future of the American social trends.

Chapter 1: The Social Darwinism Theory Social Darwinism is a belief, social darwinism essay, popular in the late Victorian era in England, America, and elsewhere, which states that the strongest or fittest should survive and flourish in society, while the weak and unfit should be allowed to die. The theory was chiefly expounded by Herbert Spencerwhose ethical philosophies always held an elitist view and received a boost from the application of Darwinian ideas such as adaptation and natural selection.

Many negative reactions to Darwinism come from the confusion of Social darwinism essay as a scientific theory with Social Darwinism as an ethical theory, social darwinism essay. In reality, the two have very little in common, aside from their name and a few basic concepts, which Social Darwinists misapplied. However, Social Darwinism in its basic forms are based on a logical fallacyand do not really follow from Darwinian thinking in any way.

Social Darwinists often argue that governments should not interfere with this natural happening of society by attempting to regulate the economy or cure social ills such as poverty, instead they often advocate a laissez-faire political and economic system that favors competition and self interest in social and business affairs. Many of these social Darwinists also propose arguments that justify imbalances of power between individuals, races, and nations, social darwinism essay, because they consider some people more fit to survive than others within the society.

They believe that all people were made to fit their role in society, and that this cannot be really bothered with by outside sources.

The term social Darwinist is applied loosely to anyone who interprets human society primarily in terms of biology, struggle, competition, or natural lawa philosophy based on what are considered the permanent characteristics of human nature. Social Darwinism characterizes a variety of past and present social policies and theories, from attempts to reduce the power of government to theories exploring the biological causes of human behavior, social darwinism essay.

Many people believe that the concept of social Darwinism explains the philosophical rationalization behind racism, imperialism, and capitalism. The term has negative implications for most people because they consider it a rejection of compassion and social responsibility. The first advocate of the social Darwinism theory had a major impact on the American society as a whole, starting from economic bases, to the big business minds of the time.

This picture depicts the idea behind social Darwinism. IT is a powerful society in which keeps the wealthy, and powerful and kicks out the minority, poor folks who are no longer able to survive in such a materialistic world, social darwinism essay.

Chapter 2: Major Social Social darwinism essay of the 19th Century There were many aspects of the American life during the 19th century that have changed significantly from the times beforehand.

Whether it be from economic policies, religious ideals, or political platforms, there were so many changes being made, that this time period was truly a time of revolutionizing the society into a complete new perspective. This late 19th century time era is often known mostly as the reconstruction, and industrial era of the United States. Following the end of the civil war era, the states, had a lot of making up to do for the mistakes they made during the war.

Destroyed and hurt, the nation had to figure out new ways into reforming society to fix all the damages of the war. Reconstruction took place for most of the decade following the Civil War. Those amendments included the Thirteenth Amendment, which outlawed slavery, the Fourteenth Amendment that guaranteed citizenship for all people born or naturalized within U. While the Civil Rights Act of forbade discrimination in the service of public facilities, the Black Codes denied blacks certain privileges readily available to whites.

In response to Reconstruction, the Ku Klux Klan emerged around the late s as a white-supremacist organization opposed to black civil rights. The Reconstruction era was followed by the Gilded Age which included influential figures such as John D.

Rockefeller and Andrew Carnegie. Many new inventions social darwinism essay to increased productivity but also produced a fall in wages which in turn caused riots in many parts of America, social darwinism essay.

The Gilded Age eventually gave way to and somewhat overlapped with social darwinism essay Progressive Era in the early s and was led by Teddy Roosevelt. Federal government policy, social darwinism essay, since the James Monroe Administration, had been to move the indigenous population beyond the reach of social darwinism essay white frontier into a series of Indian reservations.

Tribes were generally forced onto small reservations as Caucasian farmers and ranchers took over their lands. The United States began its rise to international power in this period with substantial population and industrial growth domestically and numerous military ventures abroad, including the Spanish-American War, social darwinism essay, which began when the United States blamed the sinking of the USS Maine on Spain without tangible evidence.

An unprecedented wave of immigration to the United States served both to provide the labor for American industry and to create diverse communities in previously undeveloped areas. Abusive industrial practices led to the often violent rise of the labor movement in the United States. Nineteenth-century immigration greatly expanded religious pluralism in North America. Between andsome 30 million people immigrated to the United States.

Some were devout Christians and others had no firm faith commitments. Catholic and Protestant Americans therefore sought to recruit newcomers and minister to their needs through preaching, social darwinism essay, humanitarianism, and education.

Roman Catholics from central and eastern Europe wanted parishes and priests of their own languages and nationalities. The main sources of the immigration during the late 19th century can be seen in this chart, where it clearly demonstrates the large numbers of immigrations due to different reasonswhether it be a famine or religious persecution.

Chapter 3: How Does Darwinism Compare with Social Trends The social Darwinism approach to the world seems almost exactly pinpointed as the social trends of the 19th century developed.

Social Darwinism was used to justify numerous exploits which we classify as of dubious moral value today. Colonialism was seen as natural and inevitable, and given justification through Social Darwinian ethics — people saw natives as being weaker and more unfit to survive, and therefore felt justified in seizing land and resources.

Social Darwinism applied to military action as well; the argument went that the strongest military would win, social darwinism essay, and would therefore be the most fit. Casualties on the losing social darwinism essay, of course, were social darwinism essay off as the natural result of their unfit status.

Finally, it gave the ethical nod to brutal colonial governments who used oppressive tactics against their subjects. Social Darwinism applied to a social context too, of course. It provided a justification for the more exploitative forms of capitalism in which workers were paid sometimes pennies a day for long hours of backbreaking labor. In fact, the early Social Darwinists, social darwinism essay, who regarded the theory as a logical extension of laissez-faire capitalism, would have been appalled at the use of the concept to promote state-run eugenics programs, social darwinism essay.

Though its moral basis is now generally opposed, Social Darwinism did have some favorable effects. Belief in Social Darwinism tended to discourage wanton handouts to the poor, favoring instead providing resources for the fittest of all walks of life to use, or choosing specific, genuinely deserving people as recipients of help and support. Some major capitalists, such as Andrew Carnegie, combined philanthropy with Social Darwinism ; he used his vast fortune to set up hundreds of libraries and other public institutions, including a university, for the benefit of those who would choose to avail themselves of such resources.

He social darwinism essay direct and indiscriminate handouts to the poor because he felt that this favored the undeserving and the deserving person equally, social darwinism essay. First, it makes the faulty assumption that what is natural is equivalent to what is morally correct.

In other words, it falls prey to the belief that just because something takes place in nature, it must be a moral paradigm for humans to follow. For example, the fact that you stubbed your toe this morning does not logically imply that you ought to have stubbed your toe! This is a common problem in philosophy, and it is commonly social darwinism essay that it is absolutely impossible to derive ought from is though this is still sometimes disputed ; at the very least, social darwinism essay, it is impossible to do it so simply and directly as the Social Darwinists did.

The end of WWI brought economic prosperity into the states, as it also slowly grew in military world power. The United States Senate did not ratify the Treaty of Versailles imposed by its Allies on the defeated Central Powers ; instead, the United States chose to pursue unilateralism, social darwinism essay, if not isolationism.

Inthe manufacture, sale, import and export of alcohol was prohibited by the Eighteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution. Prohibition encouraged illegal breweries and dealers to make substantial amounts of money selling alcohol illegally.

The Prohibition ended ina failure. During most of the s, the United States enjoyed a period of unbalanced prosperity: farm prices and wages fell, while industrial profits social darwinism essay. The boom was fueled by a rise in social darwinism essay and an inflated stock market. The recovery was rapid in all areas except unemployment, which remained fairly high until Unlike the past, social darwinism essay, most of the discrimination of people, races, gender is disappearing more and more as it is apparent in our presidential nominees, social darwinism essay.

It almost works as a play back of the election also, when Nixon won over the two strong democratic candidates fighting for the nominee spot. Also the War in Iraq, shows a similar relationship to the past wars, and how our economy and people are thinking about it. People have many doubts and are scared that it social darwinism essay turn once again into a war like the past, social darwinism essay, making the same mistakes.

So it sounds like, it is true social darwinism essay history repeats itself. Conclusion The social Darwinism approach to things were a completely revolutionizing view for the world at first, but slowly adjusted and made its way into society as a given fact.

The survival of the fittest motto stuck with all the people of the time period, and helped shape clearly what people were looking for and what their prospects were towards the future. Both economically and in general, people strived to live in a better conditioned life, and benefited off of each other to become better and survive.

The effects of social Darwinism was the spark for so many new inventions and social reforms to come that they slowly evolved into other forms of change. So many things have happened, including new immigration laws, new acts to help minority suffrage, prohibition, social darwinism essay, social darwinism essay plans, all this grew from the seed of Darwinism. Seeing all these great changes from a single theory of evolution, I was amazed to see how much could change and adapt in a matter of several decades.

It makes me actually more excited about the future, and what the future has in store for us. This demonstrates the lack of human kindness for others, it shows the large discrimination people have towards each other, and at the same time creates a sense of hostility against the people. Darwinism and Other Essays Hawkins, Mike. Cambridge University Press, Hofstadter, Richard. Social Darwinism in American Thought, social darwinism essay.

Beacon Press, Does God Exist? Nagel, social darwinism essay, Ernest. Darwinism in Philosophy, Social Science and Policy. Thomas A. Bailey, David M. Kennedy, Lizabeth Cohen. The American Pageant. What is Social Darwinism. Words: Category: Database Pages: Get Full Essay Get access to this section to get all the help you need with your essay and educational goals. Get Access.


Social Darwinism Essay Example


social darwinism essay


In a very broad sense, the theory of Social Darwinism suggested that the members of society were in a constant and aggressive struggle for existence. The Gilded Age virtues of hard work, self-denial, and rags-to-riches (i.e. the “myth of the self-made man” in the Horatio Alger novels) fueled ideas supporting the expression “survival of the fittest.”. Social Darwinism. - Darwin’s Theory of Natural Selection, a scientific theory that supported the belief of evolution, was manipulated and applied to different areas of life, and thus it became the shaping force in European thought in the last half of the nineteenth century. Darwin, through observation of organisms. Essay Social Darwinism And Its Impact On Society. Social Darwinism is a theory that individuals, groups, and races are subject to the same laws of natural selection as plants and animals. The weak individuals would decrease and the strong individuals would grow in power.